Science Chile  ATACAMA 01/10/2013

Final Antenna Delivered to ALMA

By the end of 2013, all 66 ultra-precise millimeter/submillimeter wave radio antennas are expected to be working together as one telescope

The final antenna for the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) project has just been handed over to the ALMA Observatory by the European AEM Consortium, which also marks the successful delivery of a total of 25 European antennas, 25 North American antennas and 16 Japanese antennas.

La última de las 66 antenas de ALMA. Foto: ALMA.

 

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Technology Spain  MADRID 30/09/2013

An automatic monitoring system has been created for subtitling digital television

30% of the channels do not subtitle correctly

Researchers at the Laboratorio de Accesibilidad Audiovisual (Laboratory for Audiovisual Accessibility) in Universidad Carlos III of Madrid’s (UC3M) Science Park have created a system that analyzes the contents of subtitles on DTTV. According to the data that is automatically gathered, 30% of channels fail to comply with current legislation regarding subtitling and accessibility.

Subtítulos en un partido de baloncesto emitido por televisión.
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Science Spain  MADRID 23/09/2013

Spain Far from the Top in New Happiness Ranking

Spain is the 49th happiest country in the world, according to a new index of happiness based on migratory flows and not on subjective answers to surveys

Spain is the 49th happiest country in the world, according to a new index of happiness based on migratory flows and not on subjective answers to surveys created by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Hong Kong, Singapore and New Zealand occupy the first three places.

Jóvenes tumbados en el césped. Foto: UC3M.
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Nutrition Spain  MADRID 16/09/2013

Remote Traffic Pollution Detection System Created

Their goal is to be able to conduct a global test of automobile emissions

A group of research centers and companies in which the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid participates has created the first infrared and remote system able to detect pollutants from cars on highways up to three lanes. Their goal is to be able to conduct a global test of automobile emissions.

Equipo de medición hiperespectral en vía multicarril para obtener la firma de emisión por infrarrojo de gases tóxicos producidos por el tráfico rodado. Foto: UC3M.
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Health Argentina  ARGENTINA 10/09/2013

Ubiquitin: small things matter

As a great recycling machine, this protein labels molecules that must be degraded and eliminates them, in an attempt to control many of the essential functions of the cell
Protein degradation, cell growth regulation, DNA repair, neural and muscle degeneration and response to stress are some of the functions that ubiquitin, a small protein that is found in most body cells, regulates. Its name comes from the Latin word ubīque, which means “everywhere”. Gastón Soria. Foto: gentileza investigador.
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Health Argentina  NEUQUÉN 06/09/2013

Yeasts for bioremediation

These organisms were found in acid aquatic environments of Agrio River and Cavihue Lake in Neuquén, Argentina
The team led by Maria Rosa Giraudo de van Brook, principal investigator of CONICET at the Center for Biodiversity and Environment Research (INIBIOMA, CONICET-UNCo), found a type of native yeast from the Patagonian Forest capable of accumulating metal in highly acidified environments. Micrografía óptica de levaduras (Foto: infouniversidades).
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Nutrition Chile  ATACAMA 02/09/2013

ALMA reveals luminous birth in the Milky Way

Chilean and foreign astronomers were able to detect a star in formation–a protostar–that appears to be one of the brightest and massive found in our galaxy
Thanks to data detected with the ALMA radio telescope, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, Chilean and foreign astronomers were able to detect a star in formation–a protostar–that appears to be one of the brightest and massive found in our galaxy. ALMA revela luminoso nacimiento en la Vía Láctea. Crédito: ALMA(ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)
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Technology Chile  ATACAMA 25/07/2013

ALMA Sheds Light on Mystery of Missing Massive Galaxies

The study is published in the journal 'Nature' on 25 July 2013
New observations from the ALMA telescope in Chile have given astronomers the best view yet of how vigorous star formation can blast gas out of a galaxy and starve future generations of stars of the fuel they need to form and grow. The dramatic images show enormous outflows of molecular gas ejected by star-forming regions in the nearby Sculptor Galaxy. These new results help to explain the strange paucity of very massive galaxies in the Universe. The study is published in the journal Nature on 25 July 2013. Visión tridimensional del gas expulsado de NGC 253 visto por ALMA. Crédito: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/Erik Rosolowsky
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Technology Spain  MADRID 22/07/2013

A scientific experiment is able to create a wave that is frozen in time

Scientists at the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) and the University of California - San Diego (UC San Diego) have created, in a laboratory, a static pipeline wave

Scientists at the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) and the University of California - San Diego (UC San Diego) have created, in a laboratory, a static pipeline wave, with a crest that moves neither forward nor backward. This research will allow improvement in boat and seaport designs and will enable analysis of how carbon dioxide exchange between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs.

Experimento de una ola congelada en el tiempo. Foto: UC3M.
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Space Chile  ATACAMA 19/07/2013

Snow in an Infant Planetary System

This frosty landmark is thought to play in an essential role in the formation and chemical make-up of planets around a young star
The sight of a snowfall can thrill children, but the first-ever snow line seen around a distant star gives astronomers an even greater thrill because of what it reveals about the formation of planets and our Solar System's history. Astronomers using the new Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope have taken the first-ever image of a snow line in an infant solar system. This frosty landmark is thought to play in an essential role in the formation and chemical make-up of planets around a young star. Ilustración de la línea de nieve de TW Hydrae. Créditos:  B. Saxton & A. Angelich/NRAO/AUI/NSF/ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO).
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 11/07/2013

ALMA Prenatal Scan Reveals Embryonic Monster Star

A stellar womb with over 500 times the mass of the Sun has been found

New observations using ALMA, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, have given astronomers the best view yet of a monster star in the process of forming within a dark cloud. A stellar womb with over 500 times the mass of the Sun has been found — the largest ever seen in the Milky Way — and it is still growing. The embryonic star within the cloud is hungrily feeding on material that is racing inwards. The cloud is expected to give birth to a very brilliant star with up to 100 times the mass of the Sun.

Se ha descubierto un útero estelar con más de 500 veces la masa del Sol, el que vemos como una burbuja amarilla en el centro de la imagen. Crédito:  ALMA (ESO/NRAJ/NRAO)/NASA/Spitzer/JPL-Caltech/GLIMPSE
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Health Spain  MADRID 02/07/2013

The brightest students smoke less

Good students smoke less, according to a study in which Universidad Carlos III of Madrid

Good students smoke less, according to a study in which Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) has participated and which highlights the fact that high school students whose parents do not approve of their smoking also smoke fewer cigarettes.

Cigarrillos. Foto: UC3M.
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Education Spain  MADRID 24/06/2013

Massive Online Open Courses could revolutionize university education

This is one of the conclusions drawn from research done by eMadrid, a project coordinated by the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M)

Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) could revolutionize current university teaching. This is one of the conclusions drawn from research done by eMadrid, a project coordinated by the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M), which gathers the main groups doing research on Technology Enhanced Learning, and which has just held a conference aimed at analyzing the future of this type of teaching.

Jornada eMadrid MOOC 2013. Foto: UC3M.
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Education Spain  MADRID 18/06/2013

Intelligent glasses designed for professors

Scientists at University Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) have developed a system based on augmented reality

Scientists at la Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) have developed a system based on augmented reality that, thanks to intelligent glasses, enables a professor to see notes or comments on the contents of a lesson and to see if the students understand explanations or if, on the contrary, they are having doubts or difficulties.

Un profesor utiliza las gafas inteligentes en clase. Foto: UC·M.
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Social Sciences Chile  ANTOFAGASTA 07/06/2013

‘Dust Trap’ around Distant Star May Solve Planet Formation Mystery

This is the first time that such a "dust trap" has been clearly observed and modelled
Astronomers using the new Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have imaged a region around a young star where dust particles can grow by clumping together. This is the first time that such a "dust trap" has been clearly observed and modelled. It solves a long-standing mystery how dust particles in discs grow to larger sizes so that they can eventually form comets, planets, and other rocky bodies. The results are published in the journal Science on 7 June 2013. Impresión artística de la fábrica de cometas vista por ALMA Crédito: ESO/L. Calçada
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Health Spain  VALLADOLID 06/06/2013

A project to fight pulmonary hypertension

A project called Enpathy has launched a crowd funding platform to sponsor research

Pulmonary hypertension is a rare disease that affects lung arteries causing their progressive narrowing. Diagnosis generally occurs late, when treatment options are less, because there are not any diagnostic tools for early detection. On the occasion of the World Pulmonary Hypertension Day on May 5th, the Fundación Contra la Hipertensión Pulmonar (FCHP), a foundation against pulmonary hypertension, has launched a crowd funding platform to sponsor a research project called Enpathy; its main objectives are to facilitate early diagnoses and to find a definitive cure. The project involves scientists from several Spanish hospitals and universities, the Universidad de Valladolid, for instance.

Radiografía de los pulmones (FOTO: Diego Grez).

 

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Technology Spain  MADRID 03/06/2013

Research examines the structure of videogames

The study of this material shows the importance of this industry

Research at the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) analyzes in depth the content of videogames and their interaction with the player. The study of this material shows the importance of this industry, which is experiencing exponential growth.

 Imagen del videojuego Alice Madness Returns, con gran potencial onírico por sus mundos posibles. Foto: UC3M.
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Technology Chile  ATACAMA 03/06/2013

Japanese astronomers revealed the origin of the cosmic background light

Approximately 80% of the unidentified millimeter wave light from the Universe is actually emitted from galaxies
Researchers from Kyoto University, using the Atacama Large Millimeter/ submillimeter Array (ALMA) revealed that approximately 80% of the unidentified millimeter wave light from the Universe is actually emitted from galaxies. Thanks to ALMA’s high resolving power and sensitivity astronomers were able to pinpoint the locations of those galaxies rich in fine solid particles (dust). En cada acercamiento, se aprecia a la izquierda la imagen óptica (azul) y milimétrica/submilimétrica (rojo) y, a la derecha, la imagen óptica junto a la de ALMA (FOTO: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO) / Universidad de Kioto).
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Science Spain  MADRID 28/05/2013

Incorporating uncertainty when predecting the future of the economy

A research project the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) formulates new ways of anticipating changes in the economy that incorporate uncertainty

A research project the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) formulates new ways of anticipating changes in the economy that incorporate uncertainty. Using these methods it is possible to be more realistic with regard to macroeconomic predictions.

Representación de estadísticas económicas. Imagen: UC3M.
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Nutrition Spain  SORIA 24/05/2013

New application: Google Earth to forest mapping

This application, developed by Agresta and Cesefor, enables to try a particular selvicultural intervention or to know how is going to look a forest in 10 or 20 years

The cooperative Agresta and the Fundación Cesefor have developed an application that enables to turn Google Earth into a 3D forest simulator. The demo version, called Forest Up, is available online on the project website and can be downloaded for free. This first version includes 600,000 trees data (European black pine, sandarac tree, etc.) located on a hill in the Cañón del Río Lobos Natural Park (Soria, Spain); data has been collected with Light Detection and Ranking (LIDAR).

Simulador de bosques 3D Forest Up (FOTO: Agresta).
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