Nutrition Argentina  SANTA FE 12/11/2013

The tick holds the key

Molecular techniques allow detecting and determining the population dynamics of a bacterium that uses ticks as vectors

Lucas Monje is 35, holds a PhD in Biological Sciences and is a CONICET assistant researcher at the Laboratory of Disease Ecology of the Institute of Veterinary Sciences (ICIVET-LITORAL, CONICET-UNL). Although he works in the field of molecular biology, “the subject that I became directly involved with is an investigation that tries to elucidate the eco- epidemiology of Rickettsia parkeri, a bacterium that causes emerging infectious diseases”, he explains.

Fotos Investigadores procesando roedores � Garrapata (Amblyomma triste) hembra. Gentileza Georgina Tumini (ICIVET). Foto Lucas Monje. CCT Santa Fe.
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Technology Colombia  ANTIOQUIA 31/10/2013

UA-led research team develops plant-based biofuel

Researchers at the University of Antioquia have managed to produce biofuel from aquatic plants

Most of Ayapel inhabitants derive their livelihood from hunting, fishing and agriculture. However, these resources are being drastically depleted as a result of overexploitation and deforestation. Also overfishing has led to a decline in populations of several species including shad, catfish and bocachico. Illegal gold mining and drop in rice prices due to free trade agreements are also problems affecting this region.

Researchers at the University of Antioquia have managed to produce biofuel from aquatic plants. Author: UDEA.
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Social Sciences Chile  ATACAMA 30/10/2013

ALMA reveals ghostly shape of ‘coldest place in the universe’

Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope have taken a new look at this intriguing object

At a cosmologically crisp one degree Kelvin (minus 458 degrees Fahrenheit), the Boomerang Nebula is the coldest known object in the Universe – colder, in fact, than the faint afterglow of the Big Bang, which is the natural background temperature of space.

La nebulosa del Búmeran, llamada �el lugar más frío del Universo�, revela su verdadera forma gracias a ALMA.  Crédito: Bill Saxton; NRAO/AUI/NSF; NASA/Hubble; Raghvendra Sahai.
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Nutrition Chile  ATACAMA 16/10/2013

ALMA Probes Mysteries of Jets from Giant Black Holes

Astronomers obtained the best view yet of the molecular gas around a nearby

Two international teams of astronomers have used the power of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to focus on jets from the huge black holes at the centres of galaxies and observe how they affect their surroundings. They have respectively obtained the best view yet of the molecular gas around a nearby, quiet black hole and caught an unexpected glimpse of the base of a powerful jet close to a distant black hole.

Composición de la galaxia NGC 1433 con imágenes de ALMA y Hubble. Crédito: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/NASA/ESA/F. Combes.
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Science Spain  ZAMORA 15/10/2013

Researches in the late roman site of 'El Castillón' reveal a longer occupation for the settlement

Last summer fieldworks revealed that the settlement of Santa Eulalia was inhabited until the 7th century AD

Last campaign of excavations at El Castillon (located in Santa Eulalia de Tabara, Zamora, Northwestern Spain) have revealed that this Late Roman town was occupied for a longer period of time than the determined by the scientists so far. Prior dating placed the last dwellers of El Castillon not beyond the 5th century AD, but in the 2013 fieldwork, the archaeologists have discovered artefacts enabling to enlarge the chronology of the site until a period between the 6th and the 8th centuries, then the Early Middle Ages.

Trabajos de excavación en El Castillón.
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Health Spain  MADRID 15/10/2013

Improvements in the Detection of Drug Interactions Researched

A pharmacological interaction occurs when the effects of one drug are modified by the presence of another

A group of researchers at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) recently organized an international science competition on information extraction techniques to more accurately detect the pharmacological interactions described in biomedical texts.

Administración de fármacos.
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Nutrition Colombia  ANTIOQUIA 09/10/2013

UA researchers discover new frog species

University of Antioquia researchers claimed to have discovered a new species of amphibian endemic to the department of Antioquia
The discovery was announced last week in Herpetologica, a journal published by the Herpetologist's League, an international organization devoted to the study and conservation of amphibians and reptiles. La nueva especie se dio a conocer el 7 de septiembre del 2013, en la revista estadounidense Herpetologica. Foto: Mauricio Rivera Correa.
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 01/10/2013

Final Antenna Delivered to ALMA

By the end of 2013, all 66 ultra-precise millimeter/submillimeter wave radio antennas are expected to be working together as one telescope

The final antenna for the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) project has just been handed over to the ALMA Observatory by the European AEM Consortium, which also marks the successful delivery of a total of 25 European antennas, 25 North American antennas and 16 Japanese antennas.

La última de las 66 antenas de ALMA. Foto: ALMA.

 

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Technology Spain  MADRID 30/09/2013

An automatic monitoring system has been created for subtitling digital television

30% of the channels do not subtitle correctly

Researchers at the Laboratorio de Accesibilidad Audiovisual (Laboratory for Audiovisual Accessibility) in Universidad Carlos III of Madrid’s (UC3M) Science Park have created a system that analyzes the contents of subtitles on DTTV. According to the data that is automatically gathered, 30% of channels fail to comply with current legislation regarding subtitling and accessibility.

Subtítulos en un partido de baloncesto emitido por televisión.
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Science Spain  MADRID 23/09/2013

Spain Far from the Top in New Happiness Ranking

Spain is the 49th happiest country in the world, according to a new index of happiness based on migratory flows and not on subjective answers to surveys

Spain is the 49th happiest country in the world, according to a new index of happiness based on migratory flows and not on subjective answers to surveys created by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Hong Kong, Singapore and New Zealand occupy the first three places.

Jóvenes tumbados en el césped. Foto: UC3M.
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Nutrition Spain  MADRID 16/09/2013

Remote Traffic Pollution Detection System Created

Their goal is to be able to conduct a global test of automobile emissions

A group of research centers and companies in which the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid participates has created the first infrared and remote system able to detect pollutants from cars on highways up to three lanes. Their goal is to be able to conduct a global test of automobile emissions.

Equipo de medición hiperespectral en vía multicarril para obtener la firma de emisión por infrarrojo de gases tóxicos producidos por el tráfico rodado. Foto: UC3M.
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Health Argentina  ARGENTINA 10/09/2013

Ubiquitin: small things matter

As a great recycling machine, this protein labels molecules that must be degraded and eliminates them, in an attempt to control many of the essential functions of the cell
Protein degradation, cell growth regulation, DNA repair, neural and muscle degeneration and response to stress are some of the functions that ubiquitin, a small protein that is found in most body cells, regulates. Its name comes from the Latin word ubīque, which means “everywhere”. Gastón Soria. Foto: gentileza investigador.
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Health Argentina  NEUQUÉN 06/09/2013

Yeasts for bioremediation

These organisms were found in acid aquatic environments of Agrio River and Cavihue Lake in Neuquén, Argentina
The team led by Maria Rosa Giraudo de van Brook, principal investigator of CONICET at the Center for Biodiversity and Environment Research (INIBIOMA, CONICET-UNCo), found a type of native yeast from the Patagonian Forest capable of accumulating metal in highly acidified environments. Micrografía óptica de levaduras (Foto: infouniversidades).
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Nutrition Chile  ATACAMA 02/09/2013

ALMA reveals luminous birth in the Milky Way

Chilean and foreign astronomers were able to detect a star in formation–a protostar–that appears to be one of the brightest and massive found in our galaxy
Thanks to data detected with the ALMA radio telescope, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, Chilean and foreign astronomers were able to detect a star in formation–a protostar–that appears to be one of the brightest and massive found in our galaxy. ALMA revela luminoso nacimiento en la Vía Láctea. Crédito: ALMA(ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)
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Technology Chile  ATACAMA 25/07/2013

ALMA Sheds Light on Mystery of Missing Massive Galaxies

The study is published in the journal 'Nature' on 25 July 2013
New observations from the ALMA telescope in Chile have given astronomers the best view yet of how vigorous star formation can blast gas out of a galaxy and starve future generations of stars of the fuel they need to form and grow. The dramatic images show enormous outflows of molecular gas ejected by star-forming regions in the nearby Sculptor Galaxy. These new results help to explain the strange paucity of very massive galaxies in the Universe. The study is published in the journal Nature on 25 July 2013. Visión tridimensional del gas expulsado de NGC 253 visto por ALMA. Crédito: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/Erik Rosolowsky
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Technology Spain  MADRID 22/07/2013

A scientific experiment is able to create a wave that is frozen in time

Scientists at the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) and the University of California - San Diego (UC San Diego) have created, in a laboratory, a static pipeline wave

Scientists at the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) and the University of California - San Diego (UC San Diego) have created, in a laboratory, a static pipeline wave, with a crest that moves neither forward nor backward. This research will allow improvement in boat and seaport designs and will enable analysis of how carbon dioxide exchange between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs.

Experimento de una ola congelada en el tiempo. Foto: UC3M.
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Space Chile  ATACAMA 19/07/2013

Snow in an Infant Planetary System

This frosty landmark is thought to play in an essential role in the formation and chemical make-up of planets around a young star
The sight of a snowfall can thrill children, but the first-ever snow line seen around a distant star gives astronomers an even greater thrill because of what it reveals about the formation of planets and our Solar System's history. Astronomers using the new Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope have taken the first-ever image of a snow line in an infant solar system. This frosty landmark is thought to play in an essential role in the formation and chemical make-up of planets around a young star. Ilustración de la línea de nieve de TW Hydrae. Créditos:  B. Saxton & A. Angelich/NRAO/AUI/NSF/ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO).
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 11/07/2013

ALMA Prenatal Scan Reveals Embryonic Monster Star

A stellar womb with over 500 times the mass of the Sun has been found

New observations using ALMA, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, have given astronomers the best view yet of a monster star in the process of forming within a dark cloud. A stellar womb with over 500 times the mass of the Sun has been found — the largest ever seen in the Milky Way — and it is still growing. The embryonic star within the cloud is hungrily feeding on material that is racing inwards. The cloud is expected to give birth to a very brilliant star with up to 100 times the mass of the Sun.

Se ha descubierto un útero estelar con más de 500 veces la masa del Sol, el que vemos como una burbuja amarilla en el centro de la imagen. Crédito:  ALMA (ESO/NRAJ/NRAO)/NASA/Spitzer/JPL-Caltech/GLIMPSE
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Health Spain  MADRID 02/07/2013

The brightest students smoke less

Good students smoke less, according to a study in which Universidad Carlos III of Madrid

Good students smoke less, according to a study in which Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) has participated and which highlights the fact that high school students whose parents do not approve of their smoking also smoke fewer cigarettes.

Cigarrillos. Foto: UC3M.
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Education Spain  MADRID 24/06/2013

Massive Online Open Courses could revolutionize university education

This is one of the conclusions drawn from research done by eMadrid, a project coordinated by the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M)

Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) could revolutionize current university teaching. This is one of the conclusions drawn from research done by eMadrid, a project coordinated by the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M), which gathers the main groups doing research on Technology Enhanced Learning, and which has just held a conference aimed at analyzing the future of this type of teaching.

Jornada eMadrid MOOC 2013. Foto: UC3M.
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