Nutrition Spain  LEÓN 29/05/2015
INESPO II

The modulation of the alcoholic strength of wines is researched by using plant hormones

The scientific team of the Vine and Wine Research Institute of the University of León has carried out an experimental test in collaboration with a wine cellar of the Toro Denomination of Origin

The Vine and Wine Research Institute of the University of León (ULE) has initiated a novel area of study on the modulation of the alcoholic strength of musts at the time of the harvest by the application of hormones. This research has great potential as alcoholic strength is an essential parameter in the production of wine not only from a business viewpoint but is also associated with numerous organoleptic characteristics and in short with its quality.

Viñedo. Foto: Enrique Garzón.
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Nutrition Portugal  AVEIRO 29/05/2015
INESPO II

The algae of the Portuguese coast are of great nutritional value

The University of Aveiro is carrying out a study of algae with the aim of developing new functional foods

The Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, CESAM) of the University of Aveiro, in collaboration with the Universidade Católica Portuguesa of Oporto, has studied the chemical composition of several species of edible seaweed from the west coast of Portugal to reveal their high nutritional value. The results of this research may help to develop new functional foods containing specific compounds for improving health or reducing the risk of contracting diseases.

Alga O. pinnatifida. Foto: Dina Rodrigues.
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Science Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 28/05/2015
INESPO II

The Universidad de Beira Interior is studying how to improve swimmers' performance

A software simulates the behaviour of the human body in the water and helps to improve the techniques and the design of sportswear and sports accessories

The Sports Science Department of the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of the Universidad de Beira Interior is studying the factors that determine sporting performance by using software that simulates the behaviour of the human body in sports such as swimming. The researchers' work allows companies to design better sportswear and sports accessories and competitors to improve their style.

Natación. Foto: Luana Fischer Ferreira.
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Health Spain  LEÓN 28/05/2015
INESPO II

A mathematical model allows the prediction of schizophrenia at the time of the first psychotic outbreak

A team of Spanish scientists has designed prognostic markers that will allow the improved clinical handling of these patients

Researchers of the Institute of Biomedicine (Ibiomed) of the University of León (ULE), the Physiology Department of the Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), the Centre for Biomedical Research on the Mental Health Network (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, Cibersam), and the Hospital Universitario de Álava have developed a mathematical model for predicting schizophrenia at the time of the first psychotic outbreak by means of determining enzymatic activity during the admission of the patient.

Grupo de investigación de Jesús Seco. Foto: Ibiomed.
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Technology Portugal  AVEIRO 28/05/2015

The University of Aveiro studies the properties of cork chipboard

The scientists' objective is to find new applications for a product that is very important to the Portuguese economy

The most common use given to cork is that of the manufacture of cork stoppers for bottles. However, this activity generates a large amount of cork waste that is made use of to produce chipboard, which has many applications. Researchers from the University of Aveiro are analysing the characteristics of cork chipboard and in particular how this material responds to different load or impact resistance conditions.

Investigadores de la Universidad de Aveiro que trabajan con corcho. Foto: Ricardo J. A. de Sousa.
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Health Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 27/05/2015
INESPO II

The influence of buildings on health is being researched

The Laboratory of Health in Building (LABSED) of the Universidade da Beira Interior is studying the environmental conditions of inner spaces that affect people's welfare

Most people spend about 90% of their time in closed spaces, in their own home and in workplaces and places for study and leisure. This is why the interior conditions of buildings are determinant for health, for example the temperature, the humidity, the noise, the quality of indoor air, and the building materials. The team of the Laboratory of Health in Building (Laboratório de Saúde na Edificação, LABSED) of the Universidade da Beira Interior in Portugal is researching all these aspects to achieve a healthier atmosphere.

Medición en un residencia de ancianos. Foto: LABSED.
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Nutrition Spain  LEÓN 27/05/2015
INESPO II

Tracing the “pedigree” of Valdeón blue cheese

Researchers from the University of León are studying in depth the microbiological, physico-chemical, and sensory characteristics of this traditional cheese from the province

The Food of Animal Origin Technology and Quality Research Group of the University of León (ULE) is working in an area with the ultimate purpose of determining the microbiological, physico-chemical, and sensory characteristics of one of the most traditionally crafted cheeses of the province of León, the blue cheese produced in the Valdeón Valley in the heart of the Picos de Europa.

Queso azul del valle de Valdeón.
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Education Portugal  AVEIRO 27/05/2015
INESPO II

New resources for learning maths

A study carried out at the University of Aveiro has analysed the connections between maths and science in the Science Garden

Researchers from the University of Aveiro have studied how to improve the learning of maths by using new teaching resources that they have implemented in the Science Garden, an informal educational space that promotes scientific culture in children. As well as encouraging knowledge of maths, this initiative also trains teachers and carries out research into science education.

Aquário da nossa costa, Jardim da Ciência. Foto: Sofia Nogueira.
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Health Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 26/05/2015
INESPO II

A protein has been found that protects against breast cancer

Research with mice at the Universidade da Beira Interior shows that high levels of regucalcin prevent the development of tumours

A study of the Universidade da Beira Interior published in the scientific journal Experimental Cell Research shows that a protein known as regucalcin has a protective effect against breast cancer. Experiments were carried out on animals to pave the way to the use of this molecule to prevent tumours or develop therapies.

Animais controlos portanto em maior quantidade regucalcina. Foto: Silvia Socorro.
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Nutrition Portugal  AVEIRO 26/05/2015
INESPO II

A project aims to promote and protect the monumental trees of Portugal

Although Portugal is particularly rich in outstanding trees and enjoys very advanced legislation, this natural heritage needs to be identified and promoted, according to the University of Aveiro

Monumental trees differ from others of their species owing to their unusual size, their age, or their unusual shape, which means that they are of special natural, historical, cultural, or landscape interest. Characteristics such as their height, trunk diameter, crown shape, or their having witnessed historical events or appearing in myths and legends make these trees of public interest and therefore protected by law.

Araucaria bidwillii, árvore classificada de Interesse Público com 155 anos (Coimbra).
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Education Spain  LEÓN 26/05/2015
INESPO II

An ULE Group researches knowledge management by university students

The Didactic Excellence, Innovation, and Quality Research Group led by Professor Isabel Cantón Mayo has analysed the knowledge management of teacher training students

The Didactic Excellence, Innovation, and Quality Research Group of the Universidad de León (ULE), which is attached to the Department of General and Specific Didactics and Education Theory and led by Professor Isabel Cantón Mayo, is working on a line of research concentrating on knowledge management by university students.

Apuntes de un estudiante.
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Science Spain  ZAMORA 26/05/2015
INESPO II

Work on historical buildings in the province of Zamora

Leocadio Peláez, an architect and researcher at the University of Salamanca, explains the keys to restorations such as that of the Church of Valdefinjas or the Church of Santiago del Burgo

Together with a multi-disciplinary research team including historians, archaeologists, geologists, chemists, and engineers, the architect and researcher of the Polytechnic School of Zamora of the University of Salamanca Leocadio Peláez has been carrying out studies and intervention projects in various buildings and historical ensembles in the province of Zamora for over twenty years.

Planta del Monasterio de Moreruela. Imagen: Leocadio Peláez.
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Nutrition Spain  VALLADOLID 26/05/2015
INESPO II

Researchers from the UVA create models for simulating the world's energy systems

The Research Group for Energy, Economics, and System Dynamics is developing global and private energy models, for example for the Spanish transport system

The Recognised Research Group (Grupo de Investigación Reconocido, GIR) for Energy, Economics, and System Dynamics of the University of Valladolid (UVA) is currently working on several lines of research in order to develop computerised models for simulating the world's global energy systems. The objective is to monitor all energy variables and analyse how they are likely to behave in the future regarding supply and demand.

Combustible.
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Health Portugal  AVEIRO 25/05/2015
INESPO II

The University of Aveiro identifies specific DNA sequences of the Ebola virus

Experts in bioinformatics and computational biology publish a study that allows the distinguishing of different species of the virus and could help to diagnose and treat the disease

Specialists in bioinformatics and computational biology of the Institute of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science of the University of Aveiro (Instituto de Engenharia Electrónica e Telemática de Aveiro, IEETA) have identified specific DNA sequences of the Ebola virus that allow the differentiation of the various species of the latter and the distinguishing of the African outbreak of early 2014 from other episodes of the disease. This work, recently published in the scientific journal Bioinformatics, may have future applications in the diagnosis and treatment of Ebola.

Virus del ébola.
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Education Spain  SALAMANCA 25/05/2015
INESPO II

An application helps the integration in the class of students with auditory problems

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca is testing in classrooms an app that transcribes the teacher's words to help children with auditory difficulties

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) has developed an application for mobile devices that aims to help students with auditory difficulties in the classroom. By means of this application known as Integrad@s the teacher can communicate with the student by means of a digital tablet or a mobile phone. When teaching he/she uses a microphone that transmits his/her words and the app transcribes them in real time. This makes it easier for the students to follow the explanations as they visualise in written form the oral expression of the teacher. A group of teachers is currently assessing its operation.

Una profesora prueba la aplicación con una niña con audífono.
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Education Spain  VALLADOLID 25/05/2015
INESPO II

A new teaching methodology gives students the skills companies require

A lecturer of the University of Valladolid has developed an innovative methodology known as Seminars for Collaborative and Competitive Independent Learning or SACC

When an graduate enters the labour market he/she is required to have acquired not only precise knowledge in his field but also a series of skills that have generally not been worked on during his/her university studies. These include the capacity to solve problems under uncertain conditions, creativity, independent work and self-study, social skills such as empathy or the capacity to negotiate, leadership capacity, decision-making, and organisational and planning skills.

Profesores analizan la nueva metodología docente.
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Nutrition Spain  SALAMANCA 22/05/2015
INESPO II

Invasive plants species are being researched

A team from the Spanish-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Research (CIALE) of the University of Salamanca is drawing up potential distribution models of foreign plants

The Palynology and Plant Conservation Group of the Spanish-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Research (CIALE) of the University of Salamanca is studying invasive plant species in Castilla y León. In accordance with its preliminary studies, in the province of Salamanca alone there are some 80 species of foreign plants, many of which have become naturalised and are displacing native ones and therefore causing problems in various ecosystems.

Hierbas de la Pampa, especie invasora. Foto: Tangopaso.
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Nutrition Spain  VALLADOLID 22/05/2015
INESPO II

A group from the UVA is researching the energy limits of fossil and renewable resources

The group was officially formed in January and consists of a team of lecturers and researchers from various disciplines such as physics, economics, and engineering

The Recognised Research Group (Grupo de Investigación Reconocido, GIR) for Energy, Economics, and System Dynamics of the University of Valladolid (UVA) is currently working on several lines of research into the energy limits of fossil resources and renewable energy.

Quemador de petróleo en instalaciones petrolíferas. Foto: Rafael Bastante Casado/Silvia Sánchez Carretón.
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Technology Spain  SALAMANCA 22/05/2015
INESPO II

The usability of magazine applications for tablets is being analysed

The Faculty of Communication of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca is studying readers' perceptions of new digital devices

Magazines are no longer found only at the kiosk. In common with the remainder of the press, this sector has adapted to new technologies and has sought formulae to reach the reader on mobile devices such as digital tablets. There is however no single solution for achieving this and each editor still continues to search for the most appropriate formula through research and innovation.

Instrucciones para navegar en una revista diseñada para tabletas.
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Health Spain  VALLADOLID 21/05/2015
INESPO II

The human resources management model affects the stress of nursing staff

The doctoral thesis of the lecturer of the Faculty of Nursing of the University of Valladolid, Manuel Frutos, has analysed the management model of 14 Spanish hospitals to reflect the situation of 703 nurses and 505 technicians in auxiliary nursing care

In common with other professions involving the care and treatment of human beings, nursing produces high levels of occupational stress, which at times reaches the clinical stage known as the Burnout Syndrome. This pathology is characterised by an inner state of saturation in which sufferers feel physically, emotionally, and mentally exhausted. This results in a lack of energy and therefore a reduction in work capacity, a lack of motivation, mood swings, and physical symptoms such as locomotor problems (for instance muscular pains and aching joints) and other psychosomatic alterations (gastrointestinal problems, headaches, dizziness, etc.).

Manuel Frutos, profesor de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Valladolid.
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