Education Spain  VALLADOLID 19/05/2015

A European project will design a rural education agency for development

The initiative has been promoted by the Observatory of International Cooperation for Development of the University of Valladolid (UVA) and will be developed over the next three years

In collaboration with the Observatory of International Cooperation for Development of the University of Valladolid (UVA), the Valladolid County Council is coordinating a European project called the Rural DEAR Agenda (Development, Education and Awareness Raising), the ultimate aim of which is improving the planning of education action for development in the rural world.

Participantes en el proyecto. Foto: Luis Javier Miguel.
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Nutrition Spain  SALAMANCA 19/05/2015

Natural compounds are a very important source of new drugs

The University of Salamanca is analysing data on natural compounds with the aim of making proposals for pharmacological research

The chemical substances present in living creatures such as plants and animals are one of the main sources of drugs, in addition to other products from various fields ranging from food to cosmetics. At the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Salamanca, the researcher Marina Gordaliza has been devoted to the study of these natural compounds for years in collaboration with various companies; she is currently concentrating on the detailed analysis of data from this field, which indicates its growing relevance.

Urtica dioica. Foto: Marina Gordaliza.
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Health Brazil  SãO PAULO 19/05/2015

Colorant extracted from turmeric can be useful for combating dengue

A similar principle has been used in experimental applications of photodynamic therapy designed to target tumor cells and infectious agents

A compound extracted from the roots of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), a plant that belongs to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and is also known as Indian saffron, has been successfully tested by researchers in the city of São Carlos, São Paulo State, as a weapon against larvae of the mosquito species that transmits dengue virus. The research is being conducted at the Optics and Photonics Research Center (CEPOF), one of the Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers (RIDCs) funded by Fapesp. The lead investigator of the project is Vanderlei Bagnato, a professor at the University of São Paulo (USP).

En experimentos, el compuesto agregado al agua en criaderos del mosquito transmisor eliminó todas de las larvas tras 8 horas de exposición a la luz solar. FOTO: FAPESP
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Nutrition Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 18/05/2015

White tea has a positive effect against prediabetes

Research carried out at the Universidad de Beira Interior on rats with high levels of blood glucose show that white tea helps to protect the heart

A study carried out at the Health Science Research Centre (CICS) of the Universidad de Beira Interior (UBI) in Covilhã reveals that white tea consumption may be good for people with prediabetes, a condition in which individuals have high levels of blood glucose but not high enough to be considered diabetics. The research was carried out on rats and it was also discovered that this drink has a cardioprotective effect.

Té blanco. Foto: Branca Silva.
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Health Spain  LEÓN 18/05/2015

Advances in knowledge of a protein that plays a part in the secretion of drugs residues in milk

For 12 years the Biolfar Group of the University of León has been researching the ABCG2/BCRP transport protein, which is expressed in the mammary glands of ruminants

The Biological Application of Drugs Research Group (Biolfar) of the University of León (ULE), led by Julio G. Prieto, is working on the ABCG2/BCRP transport protein, which is expressed in the mammary glands of ruminants and plays a part in the transport of drugs and toxins to milk.

Miembros del Grupo de Investigación Aplicaciones Biológicas de Fármacos (Biolfar) de la Universidad de León . Foto: ULE.
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Technology Spain  SALAMANCA 18/05/2015

The UPSA explores the possibilities of open data on the Internet

The union of the linked data of the semantic web and open data creates the field of Open Linked Data; the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca is implementing projects to test their potential, for example by developing applications for tourism

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) is researching the field of Open Linked Data. The possibilities that Internet currently offers could be multiplied in the forthcoming years with the development of these technologies, which enrich the search for data and make possible the new semantic web, which provides additional information and connects data in a smart way.

Ana Fermoso, investigadora de la UPSA.
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Technology Spain  VALLADOLID 18/05/2015

A group from the UVA is researching acoustics in industry, building, and the environment

The Acoustics and Applied Vibrations (AVISA) GIR was formally established in April 2014 and consists of three lecturers and several collaborators

The Acoustic and Applied Vibrations (Acústica y Vibraciones Aplicadas, AVISA) Recognised Research Group (Grupo de Investigación Reconocido, GIR) of the University of Valladolid (UVA) is working on various lines of research concentrating on acoustics and vibrations in the fields of industry, building, and the environment. The GIR was established in April last year and consists of the lecturers of the School of Industrial Engineering María Ángeles Martín Bravo (who is the Group coordinator) and Ana Isabel Tarrero Fernández, together with the lecturer of the School of Architecture María Machimbarrena. The group enjoys the collaboration of the lecturers Marta Herráez and Lara del Val, also from the School of Industrial Engineering, and of the PhD student Carolina Monteiro.

Aislante acústico. Foto: Pilar Acero.
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Nutrition Spain  CATALUÑA 18/05/2015

Neanderthals were attacked by large carnivores

The research published in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences highlights the importance that predation had on human evolution and the strong pressure existed between neanderthals and large carnivores

When speaking of Neanderthals one of the qualities attributed to them is that they were very good hunters, but now it has been proven that they were also victims of the attacks of large carnivores. This is revealed in a paper led by IPHES (Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social) published in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. Three members of this institution have contributed to the research: Edgard Camarós (first author), Carlos Lorenzo and Florent Rivals.

Edgar camarões, del IPHES, con una reproducción de carnívoro recreando un ataque a un neandertal
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 15/05/2015

A national project analyses the variants and conflicts of current social discourse

Researchers from the universities of Valladolid, La Coruña, Jaume I of Castellón, and Murcia, together with various collaborators, are participating in the Constructivist rhetoric: identity discourses (RECDID) project

Researchers from the University of Valladolid, the University of La Coruña, the Universidad Jaume I of Castellón, and the University of Murcia are taking part in a 2013-2016 National R+D+I Plan entitled RECDID (Retórica constructivista: discursos de la identidad or Constructivist rhetoric: identity discourses) for the study of the discourses that are constructed by current society in the face of the challenge of new human and social identities. The project proposes the analysis of the discourses that build three types of social identities in the current socio-political context: urban identities, new personal identities, and the identities related to eco-social alternatives.

Una de las últimas reuniones de trabajo de los miembros del proyecto RECDID. FOTO: RECDID.
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Technology Spain  SALAMANCA 15/05/2015

A system increases the possibilities of handling a wheelchair

A project of the University of Salamanca allows the control of wheelchairs by voice, mobile devices, or by using a helmet that interprets thoughts to increase the independence of people with various disabilities

The BISITE research group of the University of Salamanca has developed a system that can be adapted to all motorised wheelchairs on the market and which allows people with very different disabilities to control for themselves movements that they would not be capable of making in conventional wheelchairs. In this way they increase their independence and considerably lessen the work load of their carers or relatives and also allow the monitoring of their movements from a distance.

Miembros del grupo BISITE con la silla de ruedas.
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Technology Spain  SALAMANCA 14/05/2015

Supercomputing work in the palm of your hand

Supercomputing centres make available to you an application for mobile devices that has been developed by the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) so that their clients, scientists, and companies can continue their calculation operations wherever th

Nowadays many scientists and companies need to carry out major calculation operations for their R+D+I and only supercomputing centres can provide this service. Researchers at the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) have developed an application that can be very useful for these users as it offers the possibility of interacting with the supercomputing centre and following the situation of the work that they have sent from their mobile devices.

Mariano Raboso, investigador de la UPSA.
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Nutrition Portugal  COIMBRA 14/05/2015

Despite the ecological importance of this biome, we know very little as yet of its functioning. Researchers from Brazil, Spain, Portugal, and France will also research how it will be affected by climatic change

The Cerrado is the largest neotropical savanna in the world and is located almost completely in Brazil. it covers 24% of the country (approximately 2 million square kilometres or almost four times the surface area of the Iberian Peninsula) and has the greatest biodiversity of all the savannas. Owing to its considerable surface area and its biodiversity, the Cerrado is of vital importance in the maintaining of important ecosystem services related to energy, carbon sequestration, and the cycling of nutrients at both a regional and global level.

De izquierda a derecha, Glaucia Tolentino, Alexandra Rodríguez y yo, seleccionando zonas de muestreo para el proyecto. FOTO: Jorge Durán.
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Health Spain  LEÓN 14/05/2015

The Salbis (Salud, Bienestar y Sostenibilidad Socio-sanitaria or Health, Wellbeing, and Socio-sanitary Sustainability) Research Group of the University of León considers that this information is vital to the development of effective awareness campaigns

Alcohol is potentially one of the most dangerous drugs, in particular because of the social acceptance of its consumption. Adolescence is a decisive stage in the establishment and modification of healthy habits, which at this age are highly conditioned by young people's networks of contacts (friends, acquaintances, relatives, social idols, etc.) and need to be known before any intervention can be proposed.

Un joven ingiere alcohol. FOTO: BocaDorada.
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Environment Panama  PANAMÁ 14/05/2015

What do we know about the possible effects of climate change on tropical forests and reefs?

There’s broad agreement in the scientific community that the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere at levels the Earth has not seen for 650 thousand years is reaching a point at which we cannot confidently predict the outcome

There’s broad agreement in the scientific community that the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere at levels the Earth has not seen for 650 thousand years is reaching a point at which we cannot confidently predict the outcome. The presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is correlated with temperature increases. 2014 was oficially the warmest year on record.

Cúpulas geodésicas experimentales de cristal. FOTO: STRI
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Technology Spain  VALLADOLID 13/05/2015

Researchers from the UVA design a methodology to apply competitive intelligence

The model developed is based on three essential mainstays: knowledge management, technological surveillance, and results management. Its aim is to make SMEs and small research groups more competitive

On occasion a small or medium-sized enterprise (SME) invests time, money, and effort in designing a new product, but when the time comes to patent it and launch it onto the market the SME finds that it has already been developed. Another possible scenario is that the product is patented and reaches the market, but after a time it fails.

Pedro Sanz, profesor de la Escuela de Ingenierías Industriales de la UVA, y Jesús Galindo, quien está realizando su tesis doctoral en torno a la inteligencia competitiva.
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Nutrition Portugal  COIMBRA 12/05/2015

Researching how stress factors affect the synthesis of fatty acids in aquatic species

Scientists of the Marine and Environmental Science Centre (MARE) of the University of Coimbra and of the Marine and Environmental Studies Centre (CESAM) of the University of Aveiro are analysing environmental and anthropogenic stress factors

A group of scientists from the Marine and Environmental Science Centre (MARE), a joint centre of six Portuguese universities including that of Coimbra, and of the Marine and Environmental Studies Centre (Centro de Estudios Ambientales y Marinos, CESAM) of the University of Aveiro are researching the effect of stress factors (both environmental and anthropogenic) on the biochemical processes of aquatic species throughout the food chain. This allows the extrapolation of the impact on the food chains and on the food quality of some species. Some of these species have a high economic value as they are used for human food.

El grupo de investigadores de los centros MARE y CESAM estudia diversas especies de diferentes niveles tróficos: microalgas, macrófitos, zooplancton, bentos y peces de agua dulce y salada. FOTO: V. Filimonova
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Health Spain  LEÓN 12/05/2015

It is determined that the p73 gene is involved in the formation of tumour vasculature

Researchers of the Cell Differentiation and Models Group of the Ibiomed of León have published studies in this field in the ‘Cell Death & Differentiation’ and ‘Nature Cell Biology’ journals

Researchers of the Cell Differentiation and Models Group of the Biomedicine Institute of the University of León (Instituto de Biomedicina de la Universidad de León, Ibiomed), in collaboration with the groups of Dr Lena Claesson-Wells of the University of Uppsala in Sweden and Dr Kanaga Sabapathy of the National Cancer Centre of Singapore, have shown that the p73 gene is necessary for the formation of blood vessels both when new (vasculogenesis) and from the vascular bed (angiogenesis).

La falta del gen p73 afecta la generación de estructuras vasculares a partir de células troncales (células madre) y disminuye la capacidad de las células tumorales de inducir la formación de vasos sanguíneos que irriguen el tumor (angiogénesis)/C.
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Technology Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 12/05/2015

The characteristics of Covilhã allow it to build its own brand as a mountain town

Researchers from the Universidad de Beira Interior compare the towns of the Alps with the most noteworthy settlement of the Sierra de la Estrella to make suggestions for future sustainable development

A study of the Universidad de Beira Interior has analysed the characteristics of Covilhã as a unique town in Portugal because it is a mountain settlement with an industrial tradition. In comparison with the good practices observed in Alpine towns, the authors of the study published in the scientific journal European Planning Studies consider that Covilhã has the necessary elements to build its own brand in harmony with the natural region of the Sierra de la Estrella and that this should be taken into account in its urban, economic, and social development.

Covilhã. Foto: Maria João Matos.
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Nutrition Colombia  ANTIOQUIA 12/05/2015

Lightning strikes predicted with sensors

Lightning strikes may be predicted with up to 30 minutes in advance through sensors designed by UNal-Medellín engineers

“This equipment measures atmospheric variables such as environmental electric fields that when altered enable predicting presence of storms,” says UNal Department of Electric and Automatic Energy Professor Javier Gustavo Herrera. Environmental electric discharges or lightning are source of multiple deaths and damage to electric systems. Therefore different research projects seek to develop a system which can previously warn the occurrence of lightning strikes.

Sensores diseñados por la UN. FOTO: M�NICA ESCOBAR
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Nutrition Mexico  NUEVO LEÓN 11/05/2015

Tec de Monterrey student probes polymer nanotube cranial implants

Tecnológico de Monterrey PhD student Marcelo Lozano is studying a new alternative to implant materials using modified polymers to develop biocompatible prosthesis for victims of skull, jaw, and cheekbone injuries

Every year, millions of people suffer cranial trauma due to car accidents, falls, physical assault or sports injury. Most of these injuries are not serious because the skull offers considerable protection to the brain. However, over half a million cranial traumas a year are serious enough to warrant a cranial implant.

Thanks to nanotechnology, Tecnológico de Monterrey Engineering Sciences PhD candidate Marcelo Lozano is working on improving polymers to carry out biocompatible cranial implants. FOTO: SNC
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