Social Sciences Chile  ATACAMA 11/05/2015

ALMA discovers proto super star cluster: a cosmic dinosaur egg about to hatch

‘This remarkable object looks like it was plucked straight out of the very early universe. To discover something that has all the characteristics of a globular cluster, yet has not begun making stars, is like finding a dinosaur egg that's about to hatch

Globular clusters – dazzling agglomerations of up to a million ancient stars – are among the oldest objects in the universe. Though plentiful in and around many galaxies, newborn examples are vanishingly rare and the conditions necessary to create new ones have never been detected, until now. Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have discovered what may be the first known example of a globular cluster about to be born: an incredibly massive, extremely dense, yet star-free cloud of molecular gas.

Las galaxias Antena observadas en luz visible con el telescopio espacial Hubble (superior), extensas nubes de gas molecular (derecha). (Inferior) Primer cúmulo globular en formación que se haya identificado. FOTO: ALMA
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Nutrition Spain  LEÓN 08/05/2015

A doctoral thesis will study the cognitive processing of relative clauses in depth

The study will attempt to find the reasons why the system of relatives in Spanish is currently being simplified with the use of the pronoun “que” to the detriment of other relatives

The SinCom (Sintaxis Comunicativa) Research Group of the Universidad de León (ULE), which is attached to the Department of Hispanic and Classical Philology, is working on a line of research concentrating on Psycholinguistics, a bridge discipline between Linguistics and Psychology, the main aim of which is the study of how the brain acquires and processes a capacity as important as language.

Escritura. FOTO: Framework2
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Health Spain  MADRID 08/05/2015

Device created for faster skin biopsies without anesthesia

This instrument will acelerate the diagnostic of patologies like skin cancer

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Institute for Health Research of the Hospital “Ramón y Cajal” (IRYCIS have patented a new device for performing skin biopsies. With this new tool a skin biopsy can be performed with fewer instruments and the length of the procedure is shortened from thirty minutes to less than five. Neither local anesthesia nor specialized personnel are required. As a result, faster diagnosis of pathologies such as skin cancer is possible.

Funcionamiento del biopunch


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Social Sciences Brazil  SãO PAULO 08/05/2015

Specific odor resembles chemical bar code for bees, wasps and ants

Similar to wine, flowers and perfume, social insects have a distinctive aromatic bouquet. However, for bees, wasps and ants, this bouquet varies according to species, sex, age, and function performed in the colony

This specific odor can be compared to a “chemical ID”, facilitating identification by fellow insects, and can be used to label insects as members of a particular colony, as male or female, as young or old, or as a queen or worker. The discovery was made by researchers at the University of São Paulo’s Ribeirão Preto School of Philosophy, Science and Letters (Ffclrp-USP) during a series of studies performed as part of the project Behavioural mediation, chemical signalisation and physiological aspects regulating the social organisation in himenopterans, supported by Fapesp within the ambit of its Young Investigators Grants program.

El sexo, la edad y la función que cumplen en la colonia son algunas de las informaciones que se transmiten a través del aroma. FOTO: FAPESP
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Technology Spain  VALLADOLID 07/05/2015

A new device improves the quality of ultrasound scans

Researchers of the Image Processing Laboratory (Laboratorio de Procesado de Imagen, LPI) of the University of Valladolid have developed the Selene project, which gives improved results in terms of contrast and the preservation of diagnostic information

An ultrasound scan is a test used for diagnosis and medical control that is based on ultrasounds (US). In other words it uses sound waves to create an image. It is widely used in clinics as it is a non invasive, quick, easy, and economic means of obtaining relevant medical information.

A la derecha la imagen original y a la izquierda la imagen procesada con SELENE. La placa calcificada (zona blanca) preserva su información texturada mientras que en las regiones con escaso valor diagnóstico el ruido se elimina radicalmente/G. Vegas
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Health Spain  LEÓN 06/05/2015

A step forward in the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia

Researchers of the Biomedicine Institute of the University of León validate a tool capable of predicting the response to treatment with azacitidine

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is the commonest type of acute leukaemia in adults. Normally bone marrow produces cells known as myeloids which after maturing become granulocytes, the cells in charge of defending the organism against infection. In AML the myeloids proliferate abnormally to progressively invade the bone marrow and interfere with the production of normal blood cells.

Neutrófilo y mileocito en un caso de Leucemia Mieloide.
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Technology Spain  SALAMANCA 06/05/2015

Innovations with beacon technology

The Faculty of Computer Science of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca has begun to experiment with a new cordless technology that has several potential uses, in particular interior location

Researchers of the Faculty of Computer Science of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) are beginning to work with beacon technology, which is based on Bluetooth Low Energy or Bluetooth 4.0. Beacons can send signals to nearby mobile phones by means of this system, which has numerous applications, ranging from interior location to sending offers to clients and many other possibilities that have yet to be explored.

Balizas para la tecnología beacon.
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Nutrition Colombia  COLOMBIA 06/05/2015

Colombian Caribbean corals are dying of asphyxiation

A UNal research project determined that a disease known as black band disease (BBD) caused by a consortium covers corals and kills live tissue

Cyanotoxins and a bacterial physical effect grow on corals producing an anoxia effect (lack of tissue oxygen) which leads to their death. One of the causes of the disappearance of these ecosystems is infectious diseases, which could be associated to climate change and water temperature increase. 

En 30 años, el 50 por ciento del cubrimiento vivo de los arrecifes ha desaparecido en el Caribe. FOTO: BRIGITTE GAVIO
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Social Sciences Spain  VALLADOLID 05/05/2015

A study analyses the discursive strategies in the communication of sanitary crises

The doctoral thesis of the researcher of the University of Valladolid Javier Nespereira includes a case study of the influenza A pandemic of 2009

The researcher of the Department of Spanish Literature and Theory of Literature of the University of Valladolid (UVA) Javier Nespereira has carried out in recent years a study on the discursive strategies in the communication of sanitary crises, taking as an example the influenza A pandemic of 2009.

Niños protegidos contra la gripe A.
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Nutrition Spain  LEÓN 04/05/2015

A project analyses business areas in Northern Spain

The INVESTER Research Group of the Universidad de León has studied the arrangement, planning, and management of business areas

Researchers of the INVESTER Group of the Universidad de León (ULE), led by Professor Paz Benito del Pozo, have carried out a research project on the arrangement, planning, and management of the business areas of Northern Spain. The initiative has been financed by the Ministry of Science and Innovation for the three years of its duration (between 2011 and 2013) and its results are being revealed in numerous articles, books, and didactic resources such as the Atlas of Business Areas published by the Universidad de León or the book Territorial planning and the development of business land in Spain from the Thomson Reuters-Aranzadi publishing house.

Paz Benito del Pozo, profesora titular de Geografía Humana de la ULE y directora del Grupo INVESTER. FOTO: Grupo INVESTER
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Health Spain  SALAMANCA 04/05/2015

An application facilitates the follow-up of occupational therapy

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca has designed a system that facilitates professionals' work and improves patients' experience

A research project of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) has developed an application that facilitates occupational therapy for both professionals and patients and makes it more efficient. The tool has been designed for both computers and mobile devices and helps to carry out the characteristic activities of occupational therapy: assessment, intervention, and analysis of the results.

Amparo Jiménez, catedrática de Diagnóstico Educativo y Profesional de la Facultad de Educación de la UPSA.


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Nutrition Argentina  ARGENTINA 04/05/2015

New experimental models to treat oral cancer

Researchers at the Conicet use nuclear power to treat tumors

The ideal therapy to treat cancer is the one that manages to destroy cancer cells without affecting healthy tissue. Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is an alternative radiotherapy technique that has more advantages than the traditional ones. This was proved in different countries where scientists carried out clinical trials for the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme and melanoma, and more recently in head and neck tumors, and liver metastases.

Las investigadoras Amanda Schwint y Verónica Trivillin. FOTO: CONICET
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Technology Spain  MADRID 30/04/2015

UC3M Creates Tool for Monitoring Brands on Twitter

Four indicators measure the degree of popularity, involvement, publishing reach and effort of brands engaged in the social network

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) has developed a monitoring tool with which brands can test the effects of their strategies on social networks. This program can control millions of “tweets” and reveal the strengths and weaknesses of brands in the Twitter universe.

Twitter como herramienta de monitorización para las marcas
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Nutrition Spain  SALAMANCA 30/04/2015

In search of the best biotechnology for treating water contaminated with metals

The Centre for Water Research and Technical Development (CIDTA) of the University of Salamanca is the scientific coordinator of a European project that aims to treat industrial water that has been contaminated with metals with biotechnical procedures

The Centre for Water Research and Technical Development (Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico del Agua, CIDTA) of the University of Salamanca is coordinating for four years (2014-2017) a European project that seeks new biotechnologies for treating industrial water contaminated with metals. Spanish, Portuguese, and French researchers are currently studying at a laboratory scale three different processes for eliminating metals from water by means of various biological components and processes. Shortly and as from the third year of the project three demonstration plants will be built in three industrial factories, one from the mining sector, one from the metallic sector, and one from the ceramics sector.

Equipo de investigación del CIDTA.
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Health Brazil  SãO PAULO 30/04/2015

Study shows how exercise protects pancreas in diabetics

The findings are described in a paper published in ‘The FASEB Journal’ and selected for the Research Highlights section of ‘Nature Reviews Endocrinology’

A study conducted at the University of Campinas (Unicamp) in São Paulo State, Brazil, has shown that interleukin 6 (IL-6), a substance secreted by muscles in response to physical exercise, increases the survival of the pancreatic cells that produce insulin in a type 1 diabetes model. “Besides reinforcing the importance of physical activity in the control of diabetes, the discovery paves the way to the development of drugs that simulate the action of IL-6 in the pancreas,” said Claudio Cesar Zoppi, a researcher at the Endocrine Pancreas & Metabolism Laboratory of Unicamp’s Department of Structural & Functional Biology, and one of the article’s authors.

Células beta pancreáticas, en las cuales la insulina aparece marcada en rojo FOTO: ESTELA GIL Y AMARYLIS WANSCHEL
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Nutrition Colombia  COLOMBIA 29/04/2015

Insoles created to reduce foot pressure for diabetics

A Faculty of Engineering research project is based on modelling customized orthesis to relief feet sole pressure when walking

Currently the project is being tested in five patients to whom they previously measured their sole pressures and performed conventional walking studies in order to develop insole topography. Researchers also carried out a clinical follow-up to observe their evolution. 

Con el modelo se evidencia cuantitativamente la interfaz de contacto entre el pie y la superficie de soporte. FOTO: UN
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Technology Spain  SALAMANCA 28/04/2015

A project of the University of Salamanca is developing woollen bags

Teachers of the Higher School of Industrial Engineering of Béjar have set in motion an initiative that aims to help to reactivate the town's textile industry

Teachers of the Higher School of Industrial Engineering of Béjar of the University of Salamanca are developing a project for the manufacture and marketing of different types of woollen bags. The objective is to sell an environmentally friendly quality product that could give a fresh boost to the traditional textile industry of Béjar.

Bolsas de lana desarrolladas en Béjar. Foto: Alberto Sánchez Patrocinio.
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Nutrition Argentina  BUENOS AIRES 28/04/2015

Researchers study the processes to preserve and enhance the quality of food

Science and technology are key factors to optimize productivity, food preservation methods and nutritional, health-hygiene and sensory quality of the products

Traditionally, Argentina has played a significant role in food production for local consumption and exportation. Science and technology are key factors to optimize productivity, food preservation methods and nutritional, health-hygiene and sensory quality of the products.

El equipo de investigación de Ingeniería de Alimentos de Plapiqui. FOTO: CONICET
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Nutrition Portugal  COIMBRA 24/04/2015

Fire, a key element in the ecological and evolutional process of the vegetation of the Mediterranean basin

Ecosystems prone to fire, such as those of the Mediterranean, are dominated by vegetation that is adapted to fire as a result of millions of years of this association between plants and fire

Fire Ecology is the scientific discipline that studies the role of fire in organisms and ecosystems. Despite the fact that fire has a generally negative connotation, it is part of the ecosystem and there is evidence that it has occurred ever since the appearance of land plants millions of years ago in the Palaeozoic, and that it has therefore influenced their evolution. For instance, ecosystems prone to fire, such as those of the Mediterranean, are dominated by vegetation that is adapted to fire as a result of this long association.

Incendio forestal. FOTO: B. Moreira.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 24/04/2015

The UPSA studies the evolution of podcasts in Spain and Latin America

The audio archives available on the Internet are a little known communication format that however attracts a loyal following, according to research by the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca

A project of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) is analysing the evolution of podcasts, digital audio archives on very varied themes that users can find and share on the Internet. A study carried out at the UPSA observed the changes that occurred between 2008 and 2011 in Spain and Latin America, and the objective of the follow-up to this research is to continue to investigate the characteristics of this communication format and its consumption.

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