Health Brazil  SãO PAULO 30/12/2019

Novel genetic signature that can predict some kinds of breast cancer is identified

The discovery also contributes to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of pathological angiogenesis, the aberrant proliferation of blood vessels that occurs during cancer and other diseases

Researchers have identified a genetic signature with prognostic value for certain kinds of breast cancer. The discovery also contributes to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of pathological angiogenesis, the aberrant proliferation of blood vessels that occurs during cancer and other diseases.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 19/12/2019

Deployment of 5G technology in drones and robots

Horizon 2020 research project coordinated by the UC3M

Scientists from Spain, Germany, France, Sweden and Taiwan collaborate on a technological cooperation project, coordinated by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), to study the economic viability of 5G telecommunications in two pilot tests with Artificial Intelligence (AI): one on the remote control of industrial robots and the other on the management of fleets of drones.

 
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Space Chile  ATACAMA 17/12/2019

Astronomers discover earliest environment pollution in the Universe

Researchers have observed gigantic clouds of gaseous carbon more than a radius of 30,000 light-years around young galaxies

Researchers have discovered gigantic clouds of gaseous carbon more than a radius of 30,000 light-years around young galaxies using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). This is the first confirmation that carbon atoms produced inside of stars in the early Universe have spread beyond galaxies. No theoretical studies have predicted such huge carbon cocoons around growing galaxies, which raises questions about our current understanding of cosmic evolution.

 
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Environment Panama  PANAMÁ 17/12/2019

The universe of fungi that inhabit plants

How do microorganisms influence seed survival in the forest?

When he first arrived at the research station on Barro Colorado Island (BCI) as a postdoctoral student, Camilo Zalamea never imagined that he would work in Panama for eight years. The Colombian botanist loves to observe things calmly and, as plants do not move around, they allow him to do exactly that. Now, in addition, he has fallen in love with microorganisms. Without them, he confesses, we cannot fully understand how forests work.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 16/12/2019

A development kit to protect your data on the web

PIMCity - Building the next generation personal data platforms is a new EU-funded research project coordinated by Politecnico di Torino

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Space Chile  CHILE 13/12/2019

ALMA spots most distant dusty galaxy hidden in plain sight

Because of their extreme behavior, astronomers think that these dusty galaxies play an important role in the evolution of the universe

Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have spotted the light of a massive galaxy seen only 970 million years after the Big Bang. This galaxy, called MAMBO-9, is the most distant dusty star-forming galaxy that has ever been observed without the help of a gravitational lens.

 
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Space Spain  CANARIAS 13/12/2019

Sources of light which appear and disappear observed in the sky

An international research team have discoved around a hundred very red light sources which appear and disappear in a short time interval

An international research team from the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) and the University of Stockholm have discoved around a hundred very red light sources which appear and disappear in a short time interval, accordin to an article published in the Astronomical Journal.

 
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Technology Spain  ESPAÑA 28/11/2019

5TONIC laboratory presents, together with SAMUR-PC and the UC3M, a revolutionary system for health emergencies based on 5G

The demonstration shows a personalized 5G 100% automatic system that allows to reduce the time of action in case of an emergency, minimizing errors

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Environment Panama  PANAMÁ 21/11/2019

Butterflies take different paths to arrive at the same color pattern

Is evolution predictable? Unrelated butterflies may have the same wing patterns. These patterns warn off predators and help suitors find the right mate

An international team of scientists working with Heliconius butterflies at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama was faced with a mystery: How do pairs of unrelated butterflies from Peru to Costa Rica evolve nearly the same wing-color patterns over and over again? The answer, published in Current Biology, forever changes the way evolution is understood.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 18/11/2019

Measuring online behavioural advertising: one more step to protect users

Dr. Nikolaos Laoutaris has developed two methods to detect ad targeting

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Environment Panama  PANAMÁ 15/11/2019

Vampire bats form friendship-like social bonds

Vampire bat bonding persists from the lab to the wild

Friendships are a key source of human happiness, health and well-being. Increasing evidence shows that similar relationships are important in many other animal species, including the blood-feeding vampire bat. According to a new study in Current Biology by researchers at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), vampire bats form friendship-like social bonds that persist across a dramatic shift from the lab to the wild.

 
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Space Chile  ATACAMA 15/11/2019

Two cosmic peacocks show violent history of the Magellanic Clouds

A team of astronomers found several massive baby stars in the complex filamentary clouds, which agrees well with computer simulations of giant collisions of gas clouds

Two peacock-shaped gas clouds were revealed in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) by observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). A team of astronomers found several massive baby stars in the complex filamentary clouds, which agrees well with computer simulations of giant collisions of gas clouds. The researchers interpret this to mean that the filaments and young stars are telltale evidence of violent interactions between the LMC and the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) 200 million years ago.

 
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Environment Brazil  BRASIL 12/11/2019

Study measures impact of agriculture on diet of wild mammals

In an article published in 'PNAS', Brazilian researchers stress the need for agricultural management that favors the maintenance of wildlife

Margays (Leopardus wiedii), small wild cats living in forest areas fragmented by agriculture near Campinas and Botucatu in São Paulo State, Brazil, prey on animals inhabiting nearby sugarcane plantations, such as birds and small rodents.

 
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Social Sciences Spain  MADRID 11/11/2019

RIVERS analyses the relationship between water and the human rights of indigenous people

ERC Grant H2020 Research project of the UC3M

To produce innovative knowledge of human rights in relation to the different indigenous ways of conceiving water. This is the objective of RIVERS, a Starting Grant scientific project by the European Research Council (ERC) that has been presented today at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) which intends to analyse the following issue: To what extent can the international law of human rights tackle the plurilegal realities of water?

 
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Environment Panama  PANAMÁ 05/11/2019

Are bats spying on their prey in the canopy?

Eavesdropping behavior in the canopy may answer questions about how acoustic interplay among animals has developed over millions of years in the forest

It’s nearly dusk when Amanda Savage starts hiking up a trail in the forest on Barro Colorado Island (BCI). She is a bat biologist and short-term fellow in Rachel Page’s Lab at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), curious about the interactions between bats and their prey in the canopy. In particular, she wants to understand how bats take advantage of the sexual sounds their potential prey emit at different heights.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 04/11/2019

Joerg Widmer named Distinguished Member by the ACM

Dr. Joerg Widmer, Research Professor and Research Director of IMDEA Networks, has received this appointment for his outstanding scientific contributions to the field of computing

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Technology Spain  MADRID 29/10/2019

A new type of acoustic insulation enables sound to be concentrated in corners

This line of research could have applications in industrial ultrasound technologies

A group of researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), in collaboration with Chinese scientists from the University of Nanjing (NJU), have designed a new type of acoustic insulation that enables sound waves to be concentrated in corners. This line of research could have applications in industrial ultrasound technologies or in the improvement of certain medical diagnostic tests such as ultrasound.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 18/10/2019

Ralf Steinmetz new member of the Academy of Europaea

This appointment recognizes Steinmetz’s role as one of the world leaders in the research and development of adaptive seamless multimedia communications

Professor Dr. Ralf Steinmetz, President of IMDEA Networks’ Board of Trustees and Full Professor at the Multimedia Communications Lab (KOM) of the Technical University of Darmstadt (Germany), has been appointed member of the prestigious Academy of Europe. This appointment recognizes Steinmetz’s role as one of the world leaders in the research and development of adaptive seamless multimedia communications.

 
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Social Sciences Brazil  BRASIL 17/10/2019

Brazilian capuchin monkeys stone use may show similarities with earlier hominin activities

An international team investigate primates looking for clues about hominin technological development and to learn more about the use of pounding stones by Homo antecessor

Fossils and stone tools are key findings unearthed at any archaeological site focused on human evolution studies, however, behavior does not fossilize, and it is not possible to observe hominins using their tools. Thus, primatology plays an important role, as the study of modern primates can help us to understand the behavior of the earliest human populations. In this context, an international research team is focused on the analysis of capuchin monkeys from Serra da Capivara, in Brazil. The main goal is to investigate the use-wear marks developed on the stone tools used by these monkeys and build a theoretical model that could help to understand the emergence of hominin behavior.

 
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Space Chile  CHILE 17/10/2019

ALMA observes counter-intuitive flows around black hole

The discovery could explain why supermassive black holes grew so rapidly in the early Universe

At the center of a galaxy called NGC 1068, a supermassive black hole hides within a thick doughnut-shaped cloud of dust and gas. When astronomers used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to study this cloud in more detail, they made an unexpected discovery that could explain why supermassive black holes grew so rapidly in the early Universe.

 
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