Social Sciences Brazil  BRASIL 28/04/2020

Poor Amazonians go hungry despite living in one of the most biodiverse places on Earth

Massive seasonal floods mean many ribeirinhos, a marginalised social group who live alongside rivers in Brazil's Amazonian floodplain forests, struggle to catch enough fish to eat and can go hungry

Poorer rural Amazonians are going hungry despite living in one of the most biodiverse areas on the planet - a new study reveals. Massive seasonal floods mean many ribeirinhos, a marginalised social group who live alongside rivers in Brazil's Amazonian floodplain forests, struggle to catch enough fish to eat and can go hungry.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 27/04/2020

Development of a new ventilator prototype for the ICU against COVID-19

Collaboration between UC3M and Hospital Gregorio Marañón

Researchers and technicians from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the University Hospital Gregorio Marañón (HGUGM) have designed and developed a new ventilator prototype for Intensive Care Units (ICU) in the fight against the health crisis caused by COVID-19. The assembly of two units has just been completed in order to start animal tests and homologation processes.

 
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Health Spain  MADRID 27/04/2020

How to get the most out of the tests

Article written by Ander Galisteo, predoctoral researcher at the IMDEA Networks Institute and the University Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M)

With Covid-19 hitting all areas of our lives, there is a need both socially and politically to know what the state of the citizenry is. We need to know how Covid-19 is evolving, how many citizens have it, how and where they are infected, what is the probability of them getting sick, etc. All these data are necessary in order to take appropriate measures and to know when and how we are going to recover certain areas of our lives and what other aspects are going to change forever.

 
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Environment Argentina  ARGENTINA 24/04/2020

Fossil frogs offer insights into ancient Antarctica

The fossils, which belong to the family of helmeted frogs, are described in 'Scientific Reports'

The discovery of the earliest known modern amphibians in Antarctica provides further evidence of a warm and temperate climate in the Antarctic Peninsula before its separation from the southern supercontinent, Gondwana. The fossils, which belong to the family of helmeted frogs, are described in Scientific Reports this week.

 
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Social Sciences Mexico  YUCATÁN 24/04/2020

Examining heart extractions in ancient Mesoamerica

New findings on procedures and meanings of human heart sacrifices in Mesoamerica

Sacrificial rituals featuring human heart extraction were a prevalent religious practice throughout ancient Mesoamerican societies. Intended as a means of appeasing and honoring certain deities, sacrifices served as acts of power and intimidation as well as demonstrations of devotion and gratitude. Human sacrifices were highly structured, complex rituals performed by elite members of society, and the ceremonies included a myriad of procedures imbued with symbolic significance.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 22/04/2020

UC3M spin-off develops a thermographic camera that measures body temperature at a distance

SENSIA Solutions has adapted its thermographic camera technology, called HIGIA, in order to manufacture a new high precision system

A spin-off from the LIR-Infrared Lab (Laboratorio de Sensores, Teledetección e Imagen en el Infrarrojo) at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), SENSIA Solutions, has adapted its thermographic camera technology, called HIGIA, in order to manufacture a new high precision system for measuring body temperature that can be used to detect fever in individuals accessing facilities, in the wake of the healthcare emergency brought on by the COVID-19 outbreak.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 17/04/2020

A magnetic cork allows the removal of polluting water waste

Patent of the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M)

The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), together with the Universidad Pontificia de Comillas and the University of Porto, has patented a magnetic cork that could remove polluting particles from water, among other uses.

 
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Space Chile  CHILE 16/04/2020

ESO telescope sees star dance around supermassive black hole, proves Einstein right

A star orbiting the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way moves just as predicted by Einstein's general theory of relativity

Observations made with ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT) have revealed for the first time that a star orbiting the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way moves just as predicted by Einstein's general theory of relativity. Its orbit is shaped like a rosette and not like an ellipse as predicted by Newton's theory of gravity. This long-sought-after result was made possible by increasingly precise measurements over nearly 30 years, which have enabled scientists to unlock the mysteries of the behemoth lurking at the heart of our galaxy.

 
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Environment Panama  PANAMÁ 15/04/2020

Bocas dolphins may be more sociable while we shelter in place

A study of dolphin behavior in the presence of tourist boats informs conservation efforts

Wild animals are changing their behavior as the coronavirus puts the world in lockdown: pumas stroll the streets of Boulder, Colorado and dolphins frolic along the beaches of Lima, Peru, replacing the usual bobbing crowd of surfers. At the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute’s Bocas del Toro Research Station in Panama, researchers are sharing new results about dolphin behavior with and without tourist boats, giving us some clues about how dolphins may be experiencing the world as humans shelter in place.

 
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Space Chile  CHILE 15/04/2020

Event Horizon Telescope Images of a Black-Hole Powered Jet

The collaboration has extracted new information from the EHT data on the distant quasar 3C 279

Something is Lurking in the Heart of Quasar 3C 279. One year ago, the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration published the first image of a black hole in the nearby radio galaxy M 87. Now the collaboration has extracted new information from the EHT data on the distant quasar 3C 279: they observed the finest detail ever seen in a jet produced by a supermassive black hole. New analyses, led by Jae-Young Kim from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, enabled the collaboration to trace the jet back to its launch point, close to where violently variable radiation from across the electromagnetic spectrum arises.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 14/04/2020

Research into a new high-precision radiology system for the coronavirus

Radiology constitutes a key element in the management of patients suffering from COVID-19

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is participating in a research project together with the Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón (HGUGM), the Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria San Carlos and the company Sedecal Molecular Imaging (SMI), project coordinator, to develop a new high-precision radiology system for coronavirus pulmonary involvement.

 
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Nutrition Bolivia  BOLIVIA 09/04/2020

Amazonian crops domesticated 10,000 years ago

Earliest humans in the Amazon created thousands of 'forest islands' as they tamed wild plants

The earliest human inhabitants of the Amazon created thousands of artificial forest islands as they tamed wild plants to grow food, a new study shows. The discovery of the mounds is the latest evidence to show the extensive impact people had on the area. From their arrival 10,000 years ago they transformed the landscape when they began cultivating manioc and squash.

 
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Environment Brazil  BRASIL 09/04/2020

New fossil from Brazil hints at the origins of the mysterious tanystropheid reptiles

New species named after Tolkien's Aragorn hints at early southern evolution for these reptiles

A new species of Triassic reptile from Brazil is a close cousin of a mysterious group called tanystropheids, according to a study published April 8, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Tiane De-Oliviera of the Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil and colleagues.

 
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Environment Brazil  BRASIL 08/04/2020

How does habitat fragmentation affect Amazonian birds?

Four decades of research provide some answers

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Health Mexico  MÉXICO 07/04/2020

Indigenous American ancestry may be associated with HER2-positive breast cancer

According to a study published in 'Cancer Research'

An increased proportion of Indigenous American (IA) ancestry was associated with a greater incidence of HER2-positive breast cancer, according to a study published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

 
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Technology Panama  PANAMÁ 06/04/2020

A next-generation sensor network for tracking small animals

A newly developed wireless biologging network could close an important gap in biologging: the fully automated tracking and proximity-sensing of small animals

A newly developed wireless biologging network (WBN) enables high-resolution tracking of small animals, according to a study published April 2 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Simon Ripperger of the Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Science, and colleagues. As noted by the authors, WBNs could close an important gap in biologging: the fully automated tracking and proximity-sensing of small animals, even in closed habitats, at high spatial and temporal resolution.

 
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Health Spain  ESPAÑA 03/04/2020

Researchers develop a computer simulator that recreates the spread of COVID-19 in Europe

Based on parameters such as climate, social distancing policies and transportation

A team of Spanish researchers have designed and validated a simulator to enable study of the evolution of the COVID-19 illness in Spain and in all Europe, based on parameters such as climate, social distancing policies and transportation. This research work has been carried out by scientists and technologists from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), the Centro Nacional de Epidemiología (CNE) and the Consorcio Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red (CIBER) from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), in conjunction with the Barcelona Supercomputing Center - Centro Nacional de Supercomputación (BSC-CNS).

 
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Technology Spain  ESPAÑA 03/04/2020

An international team counts more than two million current symptomatic cases of Covid-19 in Spain

Researcher Antonio Fernández Anta has launched a study to estimate the actual incidence of the pandemic in eleven countries

In order to properly manage the Covid-19 pandemic, governments and the scientists who advise them need the most accurate data possible on the situation. The problem is that such data do not exist. The only data they have are those provided by laboratory tests. In other words, governments know how many people have tested positive, how many are in hospitals and how many are being treated over the phone. But by now it is more than evident that these are not the real data of the pandemic. Scientists around the world are now devising formulas to estimate figures that are more realistic. An international team led by researcher Antonio Fernández Anta of the IMDEA Networks institute is one of them.

 
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Social Sciences Spain  MADRID 30/03/2020

A research looks at the effects of the "based on true events" formula

This formula is used in audiovisual fiction, among other things, to short-circuit the critical and interpretative distance with the story being told, to generate a false sense of discursive transparency

The formula "based on true events" and similar ones are used in audiovisual fiction, among other things, to short-circuit the critical and interpretative distance with the story being told, to generate a false sense of discursive transparency and to create simulations of factuality in the rhetorical and stereotyped space of an audiovisual discourse that hides its political dimension by appealing to "facts". These are the conclusions of a study carried out by a researcher from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) that analyses the political dimension of this kind of expression used massively in TV series and fiction films.

 
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Environment Perú  PERú 27/03/2020

Coral tells own tale about El Niño's past

Rice, Georgia Tech study in Science reveals Pacific temperatures over a millennium

There is no longer a need to guess what ocean temperatures were like in the remote tropical Pacific hundreds of years ago. The ancient coral that lived there know all. A study in Science led by Rice University and Georgia Tech researchers parses the record archived by ancient tropical Pacific coral over the past millennium. That record could help scientists refine their models of how changing conditions in the Pacific, particularly from volcanic eruptions, influence the occurrence of El Niño events, which are major drivers of global climate.

 
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